Bay leaf — known to modern man in this era of «open borders» in most countries. Often used in various soups, marinades and in fire… This is so to speak, and so of course everyone understands, I think.
Laurus nobilis (Latin) he's laurel — is an evergreen Mediterranean shrub. Leaves and fruits of which have long been used by man and in medicine as a classic spice. And yet this religious tree to the mythical times of ancient Greece. Laurel saw it the sacred tree was decorated with wreaths and his head and the other victors of the winners.
In central Europe the laurel came originally as a remedy, but pretty soon, thanks to French cooking experimenters and won recognition as a spice.